This is a shot of the full piece. (The color in the full shot is closer to what it really looked like than the color in the close up.) You can't tell in this picture that the center is made up of tiny intersecting lines. This design is made by stitching on the cloth before the dyeing is done. It is beautiful; the camera just doesn't do it justice. The indigo color is scrumptious! In the picture below, you see a close up picture of the middle and one side of the piece. You can see the tiny lines making up the center of the cloth and the tiny circles in the border. After having tried shibori for one of our techniques for the "And Then We Set It On Fire" blog, I have a whole new appreciation for fabrics such as this.
I would think the piece below would have had to use the stencils mentioned in the opening paragraph. This is a full shot of the piece. You can see a close up below that. (The color in the full shot is more true than the close up.)
This man’s hat (laket lishaash ingyeeng) is from the 20th century and is made of raffia which has been coiled and embroidered with raffia pile. “In the past, all adult Kuba men wore small conical coiled hats with four projections or “ears.” This hat is a variation of the type, for a second cap with moto sits on top of the lower one. Rows of embroidered pile embellish the dome and the “ears.” Among the Bushoong, the leading group in the Kuba kingdom, this hat was the emblem of two important titleholders in a village, the mbeem and mbyeeng. Kuba men still wear these caps, a symbol of Kuba identity for rituals such as funerals.”